Exporting refers to the selling of goods and services from the home country to a foreign nation. Whereas, importing refers to the purchase of foreign products and bringing them into one’s home country.

The imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. They are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to raise revenue for government expenditures and for other purposes as well. Let’s be honest: no one likes paying taxes. Oftentimes people complain about paying too much of it or about other people that aren’t paying enough. But taxation is a topic that should not be avoided. It is important for many different reasons as it touches the lives of each and every one of us. In fact, how we tax, who we tax, and why we tax determines the kind of society we become.


Governments impose charges on their citizens and businesses as a means of raising revenue, which is then used to meet their budgetary demands. Taxes are crucial because governments collect this money and use it to finance social projects. Without taxes, government contributions to the health sector would be impossible. Taxes go to funding health services such as social healthcare, medical research, social security, etc. Governments put a lot of importance in development of human capital and education is central in this development. Money from taxes is channeled to funding, furnishing, and maintaining the public education system .Governance is a crucial component in the smooth running of country affairs. Poor governance would have far reaching ramifications on the entire country with a heavy toll on its economic growth. Good governance ensures that the money collected is utilized in a manner that benefits citizens of the country. This money also goes to pay public servants, police officers, members of parliaments, the postal system, and others. Indeed, with a proper and functioning form of government, there will be no effective protection of public interest. Apart from social projects, governments also use money collected from taxes to fund sectors that are crucial for the wellbeing of their citizens such as security, scientific research, environmental protection, etc. Some of the money is also channeled to fund projects such as pensions, unemployment benefits, childcare, etc. Furthermore, taxes can affect the state of economic growth of a country. Taxes generally contribute to the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country. Because of this contribution, taxes help spur economic growth which in turn has a ripple effect on the country’s economy; raising the standard of living, increasing job creation, etc. For business to flourish in the country, there has to be good infrastructure such as roads, telephones, electricity, etc. This infrastructure is developed by governments or through close involvement of the government. When governments collect money from taxes, it ploughs this money into development of this infrastructure and in turn promotes economic activity throughout the country. The higher the standard of living, the stronger and higher the level of consumption most likely is. Businesses flourish when there is a market for their product and services. With a higher standard of living, businesses would be assured of a higher domestic consumption as well. Taxes are essential and every citizen is meant to reap benefits of these taxes. This is why it is important that citizens endeavor to pay taxes and understand that it is meant to be more than just a “money grab” from the government. The concept of taxation is also important to businesses because governments can fund this money back into the economy in the form of loans or other funding forms.


The import of a product is defined by the purchase of a product that was manufactured in a foreign country. Countries import goods that can be more effectively and cheaply produced by another country.


Exports are defined as the sale of a domestically manufactured good in a foreign market. In general, countries aim to export more goods than they import. This is attributed to the fact that more exports point to a country that produces more than it consumes, which is a key contributing factor to economic growth.


The reality of how most people are used to purchasing goods that were produced internationally speaks to the increasing development of importing, exporting, and international trade in general. The whole concept of international trade forms part of globalization, which is the study of how countries and economies around the world become interdependent.  When countries progress quickly in producing a certain good, they start to specialize in it. As they specialize in it, they can potentially become better at producing that good than another country specializing in another good. Such developments quickly encourage countries to capitalize on each other’s advancements. They do this by way of exchange. When Switzerland specializes in chocolate production and Germany specializes in car manufacturing, it will make sense for them to exchange their respective goods so that both of them can have world-class chocolates and quality cars. Imports commonly comprise consumer goods that do not hold much value as assets.  Though imports are generally regarded as economically deflating (hindering economic growth), they can still be strategically used to contribute to economic growth. When an economy redirects its import policy from common consumer goods to economic investments, the factor of importation starts to play a different role in the economy. Exports are critical to market democracies because they provide people and businesses with access to a larger market for their products. One of the most important functions of diplomatic and foreign relations among governments is to promote economic trade by stimulating exporters for the mutual advantage of all parties involved. Export-oriented businesses face a distinct set of hurdles. Companies will almost certainly insure more costs as a result of having to devote significant resources to researching overseas markets and adapting products to satisfy local demand and requirements. Exporters are one of the earliest kinds of economic exchange, and they take place on a huge scale between countries.


If you access new markets through exporting, you might improve sales and earnings, and you might even be able to gain a large piece of the worldwide market.


Increase your competitiveness. Use tried-and-true export strategies. Increase the number of customers you sell to. On the internet, you can reach out to international buyers. Increase the number of deals you close. Sources of export funding that are reliable. More markets should be explored. Make the most of the advantages of free trade.


Exporting may help a company achieve experience curve effects and location economies in their home country. Ownership advantages include the firm’s assets, international experience, and the ability to develop either low-cost or differentiated products. The locational advantages of a particular market are a combination of costs, market potential and investment risk. Internationalization advantages are the benefits of retaining a core competence within the company and threading it though the value chain rather than to license, outsource, or sell it. Summarizing it export and import both are beneficial for a country.

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